A noncommercial collection of information about citizenship, dual citizenship and multiple citizenship

[Please refer to How to Read a Country Entry for help interpreting this material. It was produced prior to March 2001 as part of a US government report entitled Citizenship Laws of the World. The accuracy and depth of these country listings varies significantly, and some information may be incorrect. At best, this page presents only part of the story for a particular country. Additional information for this country may be available in Country Information]


CITIZENSHIP: Citizenship Laws are based upon the Constitution of Venezuela.

BY BIRTH: Child born within the territory of the Republic of Venezuela regardless of the nationality of the parents.

BY DESCENT: Child born abroad, one of whose parents is a citizen of Venezuela, is granted citizenship under the following conditions: Before child reaches the age of 18, the parents must establish residence in Venezuela. Before reaching the age of 25, the person must declare an intention to accept Venezuelan nationality.

BY NATURALIZATION: Venezuelan citizenship may be acquired upon fulfillment of the following condition: Person has lived continuously in the country for at least five years. Citizens of Spain and Latin America need less (unspecified) than five years.

The following are Venezuelans by naturalization whenever they declare their intentions: A foreign woman who marries a Venezuelan national. A foreign minor child (natural or adopted) of a recently naturalized Venezuelan, provided the child resides in the country and makes a declaration of intent before reaching the age of 25.

DUAL CITIZENSHIP: NOT RECOGNIZED. Exception: Dual citizenship is recognized until the age of 25, at which time Venezuelan citizenship ceases if the foreign nationality is maintained.

LOSS OF CITIZENSHIP: Venezuelan woman who marries a foreigner retains her nationality unless she declares her intention to the contrary or, according to the laws of her husband's country, acquires his nationality.

Venezuelan nationality by birth is recovered whenever the person who lost it returns to live in Venezuela and declares an intention to recover citizenship. Citizenship may also be recovered by residing in Venezuela for a period of not less than two years.

VOLUNTARY: Letter of renunciation and passport should be sent to the nearest Venezuelan Embassy.

INVOLUNTARY: The following is grounds for involuntary loss of Venezuelan citizenship: Person voluntarily obtains new citizenship.

ANY QUESTIONS concerning citizenship, or requests for renunciation of citizenship, should be directed to the address below:

Embassy of the Republic of Venezuela Embassy/Consular Telephone: 202-342-2214 Consular Section Fax: 202-342-6820 1099 30th ST., NW www.embassy.org/embassies/ve.html Washington, DC 20007

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