A noncommercial collection of information about citizenship, dual citizenship and multiple citizenship

[Please refer to How to Read a Country Entry for help interpreting this material. It was produced prior to March 2001 as part of a US government report entitled Citizenship Laws of the World. The accuracy and depth of these country listings varies significantly, and some information may be incorrect. At best, this page presents only part of the story for a particular country. Additional information for this country may be available in Country Information]


CITIZENSHIP: Citizenship is based upon the Nationality Law of Bhutan, dated 1958, and the Bhutan Citizenship Act, dated 1977 and 1985.

BY BIRTH: Birth within the territory of Bhutan does not automatically confer citizenship.

BY DESCENT: Person born before June 10, 1985: Child of a Bhutanese father who was resident in Bhutan at the time, regardless of the country of birth. Person born on or after June 10, 1985: Child of both a Bhutanese mother and father, regardless of the country of birth.

REGISTRATION: On June 10, 1985, citizenship by registration was granted to persons who had legally resided in Bhutan since before December 31, 1958.

MARRIAGE: When a Bhutanese woman marries a foreign man, husband and children must apply for citizenship through naturalization. When a Bhutanese man marries a foreign woman, the wife must apply for citizenship, while the children are granted Bhutanese citizenship by descent.

BY NATURALIZATION: Bhutanese citizenship may be acquired upon fulfillment of the conditions listed below and upon obtaining permission of government: Naturalized before June 10, 1985: Person had reached age 21, had resided in country for at least 10 years, owned agricultural land, and had the petition for naturalization accepted by government authority.

Naturalized after June 10, 1985: Person is 21 years old, has resided in country for 15 years if one or more parents is a citizen, (20 years for child of non-citizen), and knows the language and customs.



VOLUNTARY: Voluntary renunciation of citizenship is permitted by law, but subject to final approval by the government. Contact the Mission for details and required paperwork.

INVOLUNTARY: The following are grounds for involuntary loss of Bhutanese citizenship: Person voluntarily acquires a foreign citizenship, has left the country, and is residing abroad or is working for a foreign state. Naturalized citizenship was obtained through fraud or falsehoods. Naturalized citizen is imprisoned within first 5 years in country.

ANY QUESTIONS concerning citizenship, or requests for renunciation of citizenship, should be directed to the address below:

Permanent Mission to the UN Kingdom of Bhutan Two United Nations Plaza, 27th floor New York, NY 10017

Mission Telephone: 212-826-1919 www.bhutan.org Fax: 212-826-2998

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